THE PREVALENCE OF VAGINAL CANDIDIASIS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN IMO STATE

AUTHOR : IDIKA, CHIKA NANCY. (M.Sc)

DEPARTMENT : INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY

AFFILIATION : FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, OWERRI.

The prevalence of Candidiasis among pregnant women in Imo State was investigated using both questionnaires and standard microbiological procedures involving High Vaginal Swab (HVS) and early morning urine specimens. Out of the 2513 subjects examined, 1349 (53.68%) were infected. Candida albicans infected 690 (27.46%) pregnant women, Candida tropicalis infected 372 (14.8%), Candida krusei 208 (8.28%) and Candida stellatoidea infected 79 (3.14%). Pregnant women in their third trimester were most infected with 20.13% prevalent rate while those in their first trimester were 18.06% and those in their second trimester were 15.48% infected. Individuals of ages 20 – 30 years were the most infected with 20.10% prevalent rate while those between 31 – 40 years of ages were 19.45% and those in 41 – 50 years of age had 14.13% infected. In the three geo-political zones, the highest prevalence was found in Owerri zone (20.38%), followed by Orlu (17.78%), and then Okigwe (15.52%). The infection was also high in the non users of condom (38.92%). Occupational relationship showed that traders had the highest prevalence rate followed by housewives and artisans (16.44%, 12.30% and 11.69% respectively). The analysis of variance showed significance of the infection among pregnant women under the parameters used. Routine surveillance of vaginal Candidaisis among women of child bearing ages and prompt treatment of infected individuals is advocaBRARYted.

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