AUTHOR : ENYIA, CHARLES O. (MSc)
DEPARTMENT : AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
AFFILIATION : FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY,OWERRI
This study examined the farm and off farm income generating activities and size distribution of income among farm household in Ohaji / Egbema L.G.A. Samples were randomly selected from 16 communities. The study estimated that out of six (6) income generating activities, households in the area were involved mainly in four activities; namely: crop activities, livestock activities, self employment activities and wage payment activities. From the analysis, 77.5% of male headed households were engaged in crop activities while 50% of female headed households also engaged in crop activities. From the analysis also, 41.2% and 15% of male and female headed households were involved in livestock activities respectively. The analysis also showed that 25% and 20% of male and female headed households were engaged in wage paying activities while self employment activities accounted for 33% and 43.7% of male and female headed households respectively. The mean male headed household’s income of N1,636,731.64 and female headed household income of N1,228,759.60 were estimated. The mean farm income for the male headed households was N1,025,584.53 while that of the female headed household was N530,128.02. Besides, the mean of off-farm income of N611,147.11 and N698,631.58 were estimated for both male and female headed households respectively. A Gini-coefficient of 0.32 was determined, showing that income was fairly distributed. The regression analysis showed that level of education, household age, migration, presence of school, access to hospital and presence of company were significant at 1% level of significance except presence of company that was significant at 5% level. The uppermost decile of the size distribution of income had an income of N3389117 while the income share for the lowest decile was N49927. The study also estimated that 54.8% of the total household generated income through farm activities. While 45.2% generate income through off farm activities. Farm income accounted for 54.29% of the total farm household income while off farm accounts for 45.71% of the total farm household income.