LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT OF TANKER OPERATIONS IN NIGERIA, WITH SOME EMPHASIS ON SAFETY

AUTHOR: ABIODUN, YUSSUF SULE. PhD.

FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY OWERRI, IMO STATE, NIGERIA.

This study was based on the logistics management of tanker vessel operations in Nigerian crude oil terminals. Safety programmes set by the International  Maritime Organization (IMO) were evaluated with a view to highlighting how the programmes are being implemented and achieved. To gather data for this research , a well structured questionnaire was developed and field observations and interviews carried out. We use Data Envelope Analysis (DEA)  Method to evaluate the operating efficiency by which the loadin/transfer operations at the terminals are able to meet the safety standards and the degree of compliance with these safety programmes. To evaluate the best arrival process at the terminals, a three scenarios simulation was performed. A regression analysis was also performed to access the extent of relationship between logistics practices and safety regulations by the tanker companies. Findings from the study suggest that   programmes are predictors of various factors of logistics practices of the companies sampled and that there is a low level of compliance to safety regulations by tankers at the terminals. Of the three simulation scenarios considered, the Poisson process has by far the worst performance both in terms of waiting times and in terms of the required  storage capacity, while the stock-controlled process performed best overall. The study recommends among others that adequate resources (both financial and personnel) should be allocated to the safety enforcing agencies (NMA, NPA, FMT. FME, etc), to enable them achieve the safety targets set by IMO. It also recommends that a model is needed to understand how the demands placed on tankermen and terminal personnel  can significantly improve the efficiency of safety programmes. The findings of this study are important to policy makers in the maritime industry as they will serve as a guide in policy issues that will bring safer operating environment and accident free operations. Attention should thus be paid to those dimensions that are of grate significance to safety and regulations compliance. Also, adequate legislation should be put in place in the areas of enforcement of these safety programmes.

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